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Solid state hydrogen storage: decoding the path through machine learning

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dc.contributor.author Verma, Ashwini
dc.contributor.author Wilson, Nikhil
dc.contributor.author Joshi, Kavita
dc.date.accessioned 2023-04-24T04:53:08Z
dc.date.available 2023-04-24T04:53:08Z
dc.date.issued 2023-04-22
dc.identifier.citation Preprint submitted to Energy Storage Materials, Elsevier en
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12252/6200
dc.description.abstract We present a machine learning (ML) framework HEART (HydrogEn storAge propeRty predicTor) for identifying suitable families of metal alloys for hydro- gen storage under ambient conditions. Our framework includes two ML models that predict the hydrogen storage capacity (HYST) and the enthalpy of hydride formation (THOR) of multi-component metal alloys. We demonstrate that a chemically diverse set of features effectively describes the hydrogen storage prop-erties of the alloys. In HYST, we use absorption temperature as a feature which improved H2wt% prediction significantly. For out-of-the-bag samples, HYST predicted H2wt% with R2 score of 0.81 and mean absolute error (MAE) of 0.45 wt% whereas R2 score is 0.89 and MAE is 4.53 kJ/molH2 for THOR. These models are further employed to predict H2wt% and ∆H for ∼ 6.4 million multi-component metal alloys. We have identified 6480 compositions with superior storage properties (H2wt% > 2.5 at room temperature and ∆H < 60 kJ/molH2). We have also discussed in detail the interesting trends picked up by these models like temperature dependent variation in H2wt% and alloying effect on H2wt%and ∆H in different families of alloys. Importantly certain elements like Al, Si, Sc, Cr, and Mn when mixed in small fractions with hydriding elements, systematically reduce ∆H without compromising the storage capacity. Further upon increasing the number of elements in the alloy i.e from binary to ternary to quaternary, the number of compositions with lower enthalpies also increases. From the 6.4 million compositions, we have reported new alloy families having potential for hydrogen storage at room temperature. Finally, we demonstrate that HEART has the potential to scan vast chemical spaces by narrowing down potential materials for hydrogen storage. en
dc.format.extent 40 p. en
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.subject Solid State Hydrogen Storage en
dc.subject Metal Hydrides en
dc.subject Predictive Machine Learning Models en
dc.subject Hydrogen Storage Capacity en
dc.subject Enthalpy of Hydride Formation en
dc.title Solid state hydrogen storage: decoding the path through machine learning en
dc.type Preprint en
dc.description.university -- en

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